Cities as cultural products are neither ‘built’ nor ‘planned,’ at best they are guided and steered in a certain direction. Therefore, rules and regulations are one of the few tools that are actually suitable to guide future development within such collective and complex urban settings.
We strongly believe that the field of (urban) design should not simply adhere to these standards as some neutrally existing context but should actively engage in discussing them in order to make them subject to design as well. read more
Rules adjust the general degree of determination (coercion). Found within these rules, therefore, are certain freedoms. Pure freedom does not exist: at most, we enjoy restricted freedoms. When rules are in force, certain freedoms are automatically valid as well.